Coptic for All

Coptic for All

Level 1: Lesson 1

The Coptic alphabet: Vowels

The Coptic Alphabet has 32 letters. These are 24 letters of the Greek alphabet (plus which is used as number 6). The last 7 letters are from the Demotic handwriting (ancient Egyptian script)
In this course we will group the letters according to their pronunciation. We will learn their alphabetical order in the last lesson in level 1.

The letter Alpha: Ⲁ ⲁ
is pronounced same as English letter a in the word "father"
Examples (Alpha is marked with an underline):
ⲃⲃ
ⲛⲧⲱⲛⲓⲟⲥ
ⲅⲓⲟⲥ
ⲗⲗⲏⲗⲟⲩⲓ
ⲛⲟⲕ

The letter Ei: Ⲉ ⲉ
is pronounced same as English letter e in the word "great"
Examples (Ei is marked with an underline):
ⲙⲓ
ⲉ̀ⲃⲟⲗ
ϧ
ϫ

The letter Eta: Ⲏ ⲏ
is pronounced same as English letters ee in the word "teen"
Examples (Eta is marked with an underline):
ⲣⲱⲇ
ϫ
ϣ
ⲣⲡ

The letter Yota: Ⲓ ⲓ
is pronounced same as English letter i in the word "sing"
Examples (Yota is marked with an underline):
ⲭⲣⲥⲧⲟⲥ
ⲥⲁⲁⲕ
Ⲫ̀ⲱⲧ

The letter Omicron: Ⲟ ⲟ
is pronounced same as English letter o in the word "on"
Examples (Omicron is marked with an underline):
ϯϫ
ⲣⲑ
ⲡⲓⲥⲧⲁⲩⲣ
ⲁⲛ
ϣⲓ

The letter Ypsilon: Ⲩ ⲩ
is pronounced same as English letters ee in the word "teen". It can also be coupled with another vowel to form one sound. We will explain this point in detail in another lesson.
Examples (Ypsilon is marked with an underline):
ⲣⲓⲟⲥ
ϩⲙⲛⲟⲥ
ⲭⲏ
ⲥⲓⲁ
ⲓⲟⲥ

The letter Omega: Ⲱ ⲱ
is pronounced same as English letter o in the word "boat"
Examples (Omega is marked with an underline):
ⲡ̀ⲛϧ
ⲧⲁⲥⲛⲓ
ⲁϥⲥϯ
ⲧⲉⲛϣ
ⲫ̀ⲓ

The Jinkim:   ̀  is not actually a letter but a diacretic (small vowel that is written on top of other letters) and is pronounced as a small “e” sound before the letter it is on top of
Examples (The letters with jinkim are marked with an underline):
Ⲫ̀ⲛⲟⲩϯ
ⲭ̀ⲟⲩⲁⲃ
ⲡ̀ⲕⲁϩⲓ
ⲑ̀ⲙⲁⲩ
Ⲡ̀ϭⲟⲓⲥ

Lesson 1 test

In order to complete the test you need to answer All the questions. When you are done you will see "finish" button in the end 

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+ Learn the Coptic Alphabet

+ Read simple words and examples from the liturgy

+ Practice reading the Lord's prayer:

Ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲉⲧϧⲉⲛ ⲛⲓⲫⲏⲟⲩⲓ

+ Indefinite and definite articles

+ Present tense

+ Past tense

+ Possessive adjectives

+ Adjectives & association

+ Structure of Coptic sentence

+ Demonstrative pronouns

+ Negation of the past tense

+ Future tense

+ 2nd Past tense

+ Possessive pronouns

+ Studying the First Canticle

+ Imperative

+ Verb relation to object 2nd and 3rd degrees

+ Past continuous

+ Study the Lord’s prayer:

Ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲉⲧϧⲉⲛ ⲛⲓⲫⲏⲟⲩⲓ

Advanced level, the curriculum will be tailored to the participants’ needs

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