Coptic for All

Coptic for All

Level 1 Summary

Ⲁ ⲁ

+ same as a in “father”

Ⲃ ⲃ

+ same as v if followed by a vowel

+ same as b if otherwise

Ⲅ ⲅ

+ n if followed by ⲅ ⲕ ⲭ ⲝ

+ g as in English if followed by an e sound (ⲉ ⲓ ⲏ)

+ gh if otherwise

Ⲇ ⲇ

+ d if part of a name

+ th (as in the word “the”) otherwise

Ⲉ ⲉ

+ same as e in the word “great”

Is used as number 6 and has no actual use as a letter

Ⲍ ⲍ

+ same as English letter z

Ⲏ ⲏ

+ same as ee in the word “teen”

Ⲑ ⲑ

+ Same as the English letter “t” if the letter Shai “ϣ” or Sima “” came before it

+ Same as the English sound “th” in the word “think” in all other cases

Ⲓ ⲓ

+ same as i in “sing”

Ⲕ ⲕ

+ same as English letter K

Ⲗ ⲗ

+ same as English letter L

Ⲙ ⲙ

+ same as English letter M
Ⲛ ⲛ
+ same as English letter N

Ⲝ ⲝ

+ same as English letter X
Ⲟ ⲟ
+ Same as English letter o in the word “on”
Ⲡ ⲡ
+ Same as English letter P
Ⲣ ⲣ
+ Same as English letter R
Ⲥ ⲥ

+ Same as the English letter “z” if it was followed by the letter Mi “” in a Greek word

+ Same as the English sound “s” in the word “small” in all other cases

Ⲧ ⲧ

+ Same as the English letter “d” if the letter Ni “” came before it in a Greek word

+ Same as the English sound “t” in all other cases

Ⲩ ⲩ

+ Same as the English letter “v” if one of the letters ( ⲁ ⲉ ) came before it

+ If the letter Omicron “” came before it they are pronounced together as sound “oo” in the word “boot”

+ same as English letters “ee” in the word “teen” in all other cases

Ⲫ ⲫ
+ same as “ ph / f ”
Ⲭ ⲭ

+ Same as the English sound “sh” if it was followed by an “e” sounding vowel ( ⲉ ⲏ ⲓ ⲩ ) in a Greek word

+ Same as the sound “kh” if not followed by an “e” sound in Greek word

+ Same as English letter “k” in Coptic words

Ⲯ ⲯ
+ Same as the sound “ps”
Ⲱ ⲱ

+ Same as English letter “o” in the word “boat”

Ϣ ϣ
+ Same as “sh”
Ϥ ϥ
+ Same as English letter F
Ϧ ϧ
+ Same as the sound “kh”
Ϩ ϩ
+ Same as English letter H
Ϫ ϫ

+ Same as the English letter “ j ” if it was followed by an “e” sounding vowel ( ⲉ ⲏ ⲓ )

+ Same as the English sound “g” in the word “English” in all other cases

Ϭ ϭ

+ Same as the English sound “ch” in the word “child”

Ϯ ϯ

+ Same as the English syllable “tee” in “T-shirt”

+ Learn the Coptic Alphabet

+ Read simple words and examples from the liturgy

+ Practice reading the Lord's prayer:

Ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲉⲧϧⲉⲛ ⲛⲓⲫⲏⲟⲩⲓ

+ Indefinite and definite articles

+ Present tense

+ Past tense

+ Possessive adjectives

+ Adjectives & association

+ Structure of Coptic sentence

+ Demonstrative pronouns

+ Negation of the past tense

+ Future tense

+ 2nd Past tense

+ Possessive pronouns

+ Studying the First Canticle

+ Imperative

+ Verb relation to object 2nd and 3rd degrees

+ Past continuous

+ Study the Lord’s prayer:

Ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲉⲧϧⲉⲛ ⲛⲓⲫⲏⲟⲩⲓ

Advanced level, the curriculum will be tailored to the participants’ needs

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